Do you have an old concrete driveway that’s starting to crack from years and wear and tear? At this point, you might be thinking about tearing it up and repaving it with fresh concrete.
But what if we told you a group of scientists is developing a new “self-healing” concrete that could stop small cracks from becoming huge fissures?
Recently, researchers from New York’s Binghamton University teamed up with Ning Zhang of Rutgers University to create a new kind of concrete that uses fungus to repair itself. By incorporating the fungus Trichoderma reesei into their concrete mix, the researchers were able to create paved surfaces that automatically re-seal themselves as small cracks develop.
The fungal spores lay dormant at first, but as soon as micro-cracks start to form in the concrete, the spores spring into action by mixing with water and oxygen to create calcium carbonate, a hard chemical compound that seals these tiny cracks before they become any larger.
The researchers are still perfecting their product, so you won’t be able to take advantage of it just yet. But at some point in the not-so-distant future, you might be able to repave your driveway or sidewalk with a new type of concrete that is extremely resistant to cracking. Who would’ve thought that a fungus could make concrete even more durable than it already is?
Ready to revitalize that crumbling old driveway? Our mobile mixers and buggy trucks make it easy and affordable to repave concrete surfaces such as patios, driveways and more. Give us a call to schedule your appointment today!
Concrete is a famously durable building and paving material, but even the most robust concrete mix can be damaged by prolonged exposure to heavy wind and rain. Harsh environmental conditions can accelerate concrete deterioration, reducing the effective service life of concrete structures and paved surfaces.
Engineers have been experimenting with ways to weatherproof concrete for decades.
Most of these weatherproofing techniques have involved applying protective materials to the finished concrete, but these treatments tend to be highly toxic and bad for the local environment. Recently, however, a group of researchers at Brunel University London developed a creative new way to protect concrete from wind and rain without utilizing toxic chemicals.
This technique utilizes a crystallizing admixture in conjunction with a wax-based curing agent. First, the crystallizing admixture is applied to fresh, uncured concrete. Then, after about an hour, the curing agent is applied to the concrete as well.
“The material works by absorbing water that exists within the concrete to form crystals,” said head researcher Mazen Al-Kheteen in an interview. “Whenever the crystals are formed they line the pores of the concrete, allowing it to breath. It also works on repelling water that tries to penetrate through.”
Al-Kheteen and his team hope that their environmentally-friendly weatherproofing treatment will save companies valuable time and money by reducing the amount of maintenance that is required to maximize the lifespan of concrete structures. The treatment could be particularly cost-effective because it can be applied on both wet and dry concrete surfaces “without affecting its performance.”
The research team’s weatherproofing treatment is still in development, but preliminary results have been very promising. Before too long, it could become a readily available option for concrete projects in areas prone to harsh weather conditions.
Concrete mixtures have evolved quite a bit over the course of the last several thousand years. Whereas the ancient Romans added volcanic ash their concrete to allow it to set underwater, modern concrete often features chemical admixtures to control its hardening rate and tensile strength. Engineers are always looking for ways to make stronger, more durable concrete mixtures, and a team of MIT undergrads may have just made a surprising new breakthrough.
The students set out to make industrial concrete stronger and more-environmentally friendly by experimenting with different additives. In their preliminary research, the students found that some types of plastic become stronger when exposed to gamma radiation. This gave them an idea: Why not use plastic bottles from the local recycling center to create a strengthening agent for their concrete mixture?
After developing their hypothesis, the students went to work gathering recycled plastic bottles and crushing them into fine particles with a ball mill and hand tools. Then, they used a cobalt-60 irradiator (which is often used to decontaminate food in commercial settings) to bombard the crushed plastic with gamma rays. After adding the irradiated plastic to a standard concrete mixture, the students ran a series of tests and found that the concrete was 15 percent stronger than their control samples.
“We know that the plastic makes it denser and forms particular crystalline structures in the material that make the final concrete stronger,” said assistant professor Michael Short in an interview.
Now, the team of students hopes to refine their technique and explore ways to make the plastic-infused concrete marketable to construction companies. They’re currently working on a proposal to the National Science Foundation for additional funding. With continued research and development, the students may be able to create an innovative new type of exceptionally strong, eco-friendly cement.
Concrete is one of the oldest building materials in the world, and yet engineers are still finding creative new ways to incorporate concrete into their industrial designs. At ETH Zurich in Switzerland, for example, one group of researchers recently built a prototype roof design using a curved concrete that’s just 5 cm thick on average.
As you might expect, creating an ultra-thin concrete roof with dramatic postmodern curves is easier said than done.
The project was made possible thanks to advanced computer algorithms that were used to distribute forces evenly across the roof’s curves and contours. Instead of using a foam or wooden mold, the researchers applied the concrete to a flexible net of steel cables which was stretched and bent into the desired shape. The roof also required a carefully-controlled concrete mix that could be sprayed on in an application process developed specifically for this project.
The end result is an eye-catching concrete roof that seems to defy the laws of physics.
At its thinnest point, the concrete is just 3 cm thick. Next year, the final version of the roof will be installed on an eco-friendly apartment complex in Zurich. The roof will also include a network of energy-efficient heating and cooling coils sandwiched between two layers of the ultra-thin concrete, and a photovoltaic solar film on top. Although the prototype design took about six months to get right, the researchers are hoping to build the final version in just eight to 10 weeks. It’s an ambitious plan that could help the research team land more contracts for their thin concrete designs in the future.
Stay tuned for more updates on the latest developments in concrete design and construction from the folks at Bergen Mobile Concrete!
Most people visit Yellowstone National Park to take in the natural scenery and get away from the usual hustle and bustle of tech-filled lives. But as it turns out, Yellowstone is employing an interesting new concrete technology which could soon become a popular paving method elsewhere as well.
Yellowstone officials recently installed a 4,000-square-foot walkway in the park made of a unique new type of concrete called Flexi-Pave, according to Business Insider. Flexi-Pave consists of a mixture of tires, stone and a proprietary binder, and one square foot of the concrete is capable of absorbing an astounding 3,000 gallons of water per hour. This comes in handy in Yellowstone, since the park contains about 66 percent of all the geysers on the planet. The park’s new “thirsty” pathway absorbs water and distributes it back into aquifers before it can mix with local contaminates, which is a really big benefit in the ecologically-sensitive environment of Yellowstone.
Yellowstone might be the most notable example of Flexi-Pave’s applications, but it’s far from the first time the concrete has been used as a paving material. According to Kevin Bagnall, founder and CEO of the company that created Flexi-Pave, at least 200 cities throughout the US have begun using the eco-friendly concrete in their own paving projects.
At Bergen Mobile Concrete, we’re constantly monitoring the latest trends in construction in an effort to better serve our customers. Need a hand with your next concrete paving project? Give us a call at (201) 979-7550 today to get started!
Modern cement-based concrete might be pretty durable and long lasting, but it’s got nothing on the concrete used to build piers, sea walls and harbors in ancient Rome. Despite being partially submerged in corrosive saltwater for more than two thousand years, many of these structures remain standing to this day. Scientists have long wondered why the Romans’ blend of volcanic ash, rocks and lime has been able to stand the test of time, and after a new round of analysis they finally have their answer.
The researchers used a combination of X-rays, spectroscopy and electron microscope analysis to study the distribution of elements in samples of the ancient concrete. After taking a closer look at the concrete, the researchers were able to identify a rare mineral called aluminous tobermorite that had formed powerful interlocking crystals throughout the concrete mix. As they grew, these crystals caused the concrete to get stronger with time, allowing it to retain its structural integrity for thousands of years.
So what caused the strengthening tobermorite crystals to form?
In fact, it was prolonged exposure to seawater. Rather than corroding the Roman concrete, the seawater triggered a chemical reaction in the lime which caused the crystals to grow and spread through the concrete. Simply by chance, the unique combination of volcanic ash, lime and seawater caused the ancient Roman concrete to grow stronger with time.
“Contrary to the principles of modern cement-based concrete, the Romans created a rock-like concrete that thrives in open chemical exchange with seawater,” explained lead study author Marie Jackson in an interview with BBC.
Now, the researchers are looking for ways to implement the unique chemical properties of ancient Roman concrete into new structures such as the Swansea Bay Tidal Lagoon in Wales. This may be easier said than done, however, as the type of volcanic rock present in Roman concrete is hard to come by in many parts of the world. The Romans were lucky enough to be situated in a place where all the elements for their super-strong concrete just happened to be readily available.
3D printers are useful for more than just making small plastic parts. Recently, a team of researchers at the Eindhoven University of Technology in the Netherlands began 3D printing reinforced concrete components for a cycling bridge in an effort to test out new applications for 3D printing technologies.
In fact, this isn’t the first time engineers have 3D printed a concrete structure. Last year, the city of Madrid unveiled a 3D-printed concrete pedestrian bridge that was hailed as an engineering milestone. The cycling bridge in the Netherlands will take things a step further, however, by incorporating steel reinforcement cables into the design.
These steel cables will also be printed in conjunction with the concrete components. This process will provide the bridge with added stability, because the steel and concrete parts will be “pre-stressed” together. The bridge will also require far less concrete than a conventional bridge, because 3D-printing is less resource-intensive than pouring concrete into a mold.
As a proof of concept for their design, the researchers built a 1:2 scale model of the bridge that was able to hold a load of more than 4,400 pounds. The next step is to complete the full-scale construction and put the 3D-printed bridge to work.
It’s not clear whether this bridge-building technique could be adapted to accommodate vehicle traffic, but with additional research and development 3D-printed structures could become much stronger in the future. Someday, architects may even be able to design full-blown buildings with 3D-printed concrete.
Need a load of concrete for your next big project? Our all-wheel-drive buggy can bring the concrete right to you. Give us a call at (201) 797-7550 today to get started.
NASA is hoping to send humans to Mars by the time 2030 rolls around. SpaceX CEO Elon Musk is hoping to send them to the “Red Planet” even sooner than that. But will humans actually be able to survive and settle on Mars?
There are a number of important developments and innovations humans will need to successfully settle on Mars in the future. For starters, scientists need to figure out a way to create thousands of tons of concrete on the surface of a distant planet so that astronauts can make their homes in space. Mars is frequently subjected to lethal doses of radiation and micrometeorites that are capable of doing significant damage to fragile structures. With these dangers in mind, humans will need a great deal of concrete to protect structures on mars, the moon and other planetary bodies.
Now, in an attempt to make concrete in space, NASA is collaborating with Stanford School of Engineering professor Michael Lepech. It would be impossible for NASA to ship the products necessary to create concrete to Mars, so Lepech and NASA researcher David Loftus have come up with a possible solution. They have discovered a way to combine animal proteins with the type of extraterrestrial soil commonly found on Mars to create concrete that is, thus far, as strong as the concrete used to make sidewalks and patios here in the U.S.
Researchers are still testing it out—it appears to be strong enough to withstand micrometorite impacts and protect astronauts from radiation—but the hope is that this type of concrete could eventually be used on Mars and also incorporated into buildings, roads, and more on Earth. It’s exciting to hear about the progress Lepech and Loftus have made in such a short amount of time.
At Bergen Mobile Concrete, We’ve been supplying businesses and individuals in Bergen County, New Jersey with concrete for almost 30 years now, and we can set you up with as much concrete as you need for your next project. Call us at 201-797-7550 today to schedule a concrete delivery.
In the wintertime, it’s important for airports to do whatever they can to keep snow and ice off runways and other concrete surfaces that are used on the perimeter of the property. Snow and ice can cause severe delays and, in some cases, it can even make it impossible for flights to take off and land at airports. It’s why a team of researchers at Iowa State University have come up with a possible solution for clearing snow and ice off concrete surfaces quickly and easily.
Iowa State professor Halil Ceylon and his team have created a new kind of electrically conductive concrete that is able to melt away snow and ice without any effort on the part of people. As New Atlas reports, Ceylon and his team have installed some of this concrete at Des Moines International Airport in an effort to test it out and see how it works.
The top layer of the concrete includes 1 percent carbon fiber and a mixture of cement, sand and rocks that is designed to house six electrodes that are connected to a power supply located in a hangar at the airport. When the electrodes are turned on through the use of an app, they generate an electrical current which heats the surface of the concrete up and makes it warm enough to melt away any snow or ice on top of it. Ceylon and his team have also tinkered with the concrete to ensure that it doesn’t get too hot and that the electrical current isn’t so high to lead to any electrocution hazard.
While the researchers aren’t yet sure if it would be practical to use their electrically conductive concrete on runways at airports, they are confident that it could be used in congested areas of the airport like aprons and sidewalks. This would help maintain common and high-traffic areas around the facility, reducing maintenance needs and improving overall efficiency and safety.
Ceylon isn’t the only one working on a special concrete that would be able to clear snow and ice, either. University of Nebraska-Lincoln professor Chris Tuan has also created a conductive concrete that has steel shavings and carbon particles in it. This allows it to conduct electricity and get warm enough to melt any snow and ice that lands on top of it. This material was tested last year as part of a series of ongoing testing conducted under an FAA program, reports New Atlas.
With snow now largely out of mind for the season, at Bergen Mobile Concrete, we’re thinking forward to concrete needs for the rest of the year ahead. If you have a project coming up, we can bring an exact amount of concrete to you whenever and wherever you need it. There’s no need to pay for more than you need when you work with us – we’ll arrive and mix on site the exact quantities that you need. Learn more or schedule a delivery today by calling us at 201-797-7550.
Home and business owners rely on concrete for all different kinds of things these days. Whether they are building a patio in a backyard or laying the foundation for a large building, concrete is a cost-effective material that can stand the test of time and provide strength and stability for a number of structures. But concrete is not some modern invention that people just discovered within the last century or so. It actually has a very long history and has been in use for more than 5,000 years.
According to Concrete Network, the earliest forms of concrete date back to 3,000 B.C. when the Egyptians mixed mud and straw to create bricks and combined gypsum and lime to make mortar. They used them to build the pyramids, which as you know, are still standing at this time, as strong as ever. Roman architecture spanning from 300 B.C. through 476 A.D. relied on concrete as well that contained animal products to serve as admixtures to make it more versatile in specific applications.
Modern cement that is made using limestone and clay and that hardens when you add water to it was invented in the early 1800s, and by the end of the 1800s, bridges and streets were first built using concrete. By the turn of the century, those living in the early 20th century were ready to experiment with concrete further by using it to erect buildings and build houses. That led to the development of ready mix concrete in 1913, which was concrete that could be mixed at a central plant and then delivered wherever it needed to go.
Since that time, concrete has continued to develop and evolve, and people have found new ways to use it. They’ve found ways to stamp it and turn it decorative. They’ve used it to build countertops inside of homes. They’ve even discovered ways to polish it, which has made it popular in retail stores and some homes due to its durability and aesthetic appeal. Concrete has certainly come a long way over the years and will likely continue to change and evolve as we find new and exciting uses for it.
If you are planning a project that requires concrete, Bergen Mobile Concrete offers on-site mix and delivery services. Evening and weekend deliveries are always available through us, as well, and we can also often accommodate last-minute delivery requests. Call us at 201-797-7550 today to schedule a concrete delivery for your next home renovation or construction project.